PPARγ activates ABCA1 gene transcription but reduces the level of ABCA1 protein in HepG2 cells

Denis A. Mogilenko, Vladimir S. Shavva, Ella B. Dizhe, Sergey V. Orlov, Andrej P. Perevozchikov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Synthesis of ABCA1 protein in liver is necessary for high-density lipoproteins (HDL) formation in mammals. Nuclear receptor PPARγ is known as activator of ABCA1 expression, but details of PPARγ-mediated regulation of ABCA1 at both transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels in hepatocytes have not still been well elucidated. In this study we have shown, that PPARγ activates ABCA1 gene transcription in human hepatoma cells HepG2 through increasing of LXRβ binding with promoter region of ABCA1 gene. Treatment of HepG2 cells with PPARγ agonist GW1929 leads to dissociation of LXRβ from ABCA1/LXRβ complex and to nuclear translocation of this nuclear receptor resulting in reduction of ABCA1 protein level 24 h after treatment. Inhibition of protein kinases MEK1/2 abolishes PPARγ-mediated dissociation of LXRβ from ABCA1/LXRβ complex, but does not block PPARγ-dependent down-regulation of ABCA1 protein in HepG2 cells. These data suggest that PPARγ may be important for regulation of the level of hepatic ABCA1 protein and indicate the new interplays between PPARγ, LXRβ and MEK1/2 in regulation of ABCA1 mRNA and protein expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-482
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume402
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 19 2010

Keywords

  • ABCA1
  • HDL
  • LXR
  • MEK1/2
  • PPARγ

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