Potential Risk Factors for the Development of Self-Injurious Behavior among Infants at Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder

the IBIS Network

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prevalence of self-injurious behavior (SIB) is as high as 50% among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Identification of risk factors for the development of SIB is critical to early intervention and prevention. However, there is little empirical research utilizing a prospective design to identify early risk factors for SIB. The purpose of this study was to evaluate behavioral characteristics predicting SIB at age 2 years among 235 infants at high familial risk for ASD. Logistic regression results indicated that presence of SIB or proto-SIB and lower developmental functioning at age 12 months significantly predicted SIB at 24 months. A pattern of persistent SIB over this period was associated with a diagnosis of autism and poorer cognitive and adaptive outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1403-1415
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of autism and developmental disorders
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Infants
  • Repetitive behavior
  • Risk factors
  • Self-injurious behavior

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Potential Risk Factors for the Development of Self-Injurious Behavior among Infants at Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this