Microfibril-associated glycoprotein-1 (MAGP-1) is a small molecular weight protein associated with extracellular matrix microfibrils. Biochemical studies have shown that MAGP-1 undergoes several posttranslational modifications that may influence its associations with other microfibrillar components. To identify the sites in the molecule where posttranslational modifications occur, we expressed MAGP-1 constructs containing various point mutations as well as front and back half truncations in CHO cells. Characterization of transiently expressed protein showed that MAGP-1 undergoes O-linked glycosylation and tyrosine sulfation at sites in its amino-terminal half. This region of the protein also served as a major amine acceptor site for transglutaminase and mediated self-assembly into high molecular weight multimers through a glutamine-rich sequence. Fine mapping of the modification sites through mutational analysis demonstrated that Gln20 is a major amine acceptor site for the transglutaminase reaction and confirmed that a canonical tyrosine sulfation consensus sequence is the site of MAGP-1 sulfation. Our results also show that O-glycosylation occurs at more than one site in the molecule.