Postoperative pain management following bilateral lung volume reduction surgery for severe emphysema

W. M. Hooten, M. Karanikolas, R. Swarm, M. A. Huntoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was conducted to audit the clinical management of a continuous local anaesthetic infusion delivered by a fluoroscopically placed thoracic epidural catheter in conjunction with supplemental intravenous opioid patient controlled analgesia for postoperative pain control following bilateral lung volume reduction surgery for severe emphysema. This retrospective case series involved a random sample of 43 patients from a possible 65 patients. The mean dose of epidural bupivacaine 0.15% was 6.7 ml/h (SD 1.5), while the mean daily dose of morphine or hydromorphone was 22.5 mg/day (SD 17.9) and 4.3 mg/day (SD 3.1), respectively. Inadequate analgesia was reported by 19 (44%) patients during the first two postoperative days, but was successfully treated by individual titration of these medications. The incidence of atrial fibrillation (n=6), premature epidural catheter dislodgement (n =6) or respiratory failure (n=3) appeared to be greater among patients who had inadequate analgesia at some stage. One patient developed excessive sedation; otherwise, there were no major complications. The use of an epidural bupivacaine infusion in conjunction with intravenous opioid patient controlled analgesia proved to be a safe and effective pain medication regimen when accompanied by individual titration of these agents in response to acute exacerbations of postoperative pain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-596
Number of pages6
JournalAnaesthesia and Intensive Care
Volume33
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005

Keywords

  • Analgesia: thoracic epidural
  • Postoperative pain
  • Surgery: lung volume reduction

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