Postoperative changes in orbital dysmorphology in patients with unicoronal synostosis

Leahthan F. Domeshek, Albert Woo, Gary B. Skolnick, Sybill Naidoo, David Segar, Matthew Smyth, Mark Proctor, Kamlesh B. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Orbital asymmetry in unicoronal synostosis impacts craniofacial appearance and can potentiate functional visual disturbances, such as strabismus. Surgical treatment aims to normalize overall cranial morphology, including that of the orbits. The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative changes in orbital asymmetry following 2 common procedures. Preoperative and 1-year postoperative computed tomography scans for patients with isolated, nonsyndromic unicoronal synostosis treated from 2007 to 2012, at 2 academic institutions were analyzed. Only patients treated by endoscopic suturectomy and postoperative helmeting or bilateral fronto-orbital advancement were included. Orbital index, depth, and volume asymmetry were determined for each patient both pre- and 1-year postoperatively. Student’s t-tests were used to compare pre- and postoperative asymmetries within each treatment group. Regression analyses were used to examine postoperative change in asymmetry between treatment groups. Scans from 12 patients treated by fronto-orbital advancement and 23 treated by endoscopic suturectomy were analyzed. Differences between synostotic and nonsynostotic orbital index, depth, and volume were statistically significant both pre- and postoperatively. Statistically significant postoperative improvements in asymmetry were observed for orbital index, depth, and volume following suturectomy. Regression analysis indicated that the amount of pre- to postoperative change in all measures of asymmetry did not depend on surgical technique. Residual asymmetry following both procedures was apparent at 1 year postoperatively. Orbital asymmetry is improved, but not resolved following both fronto-orbital advancement and endoscopic suturectomy. Degree of improvement in symmetry is independent of surgical technique used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-488
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Keywords

  • Craniosynostosis
  • Orbital dysorphology

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