Post-hospitalization remote monitoring for patients with heart failure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in an accountable care organization

Samantha Harris, Kayla Paynter, Megan Guinn, Julie Fox, Nathan Moore, Thomas M. Maddox, Patrick G. Lyons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Post-hospitalization remote patient monitoring (RPM) has potential to improve health outcomes for high-risk patients with chronic medical conditions. The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which RPM for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with reductions in post-hospitalization mortality, hospital readmission, and ED visits within an Accountable Care Organization (ACO). Methods: Nonrandomized prospective study of patients in an ACO offered enrollment in RPM upon hospital discharge between February 2021 and December 2021. RPM comprised of vital sign monitoring equipment (blood pressure monitor, scale, pulse oximeter), tablet device with symptom tracking software and educational material, and nurse-provided oversight and triage. Expected enrollment was for at least 30-days of monitoring, and outcomes were followed for 6 months following enrollment. The co-primary outcomes were (a) the composite of death, hospital admission, or emergency care visit within 180 days of eligibility, and (b) time to occurrence of this composite. Secondary outcomes were each component individually, the composite of death or hospital admission, and outpatient office visits. Adjusted analyses involved doubly robust estimation to address confounding by indication. Results: Of 361 patients offered remote monitoring (251 with CHF and 110 with COPD), 140 elected to enroll (106 with CHF and 34 with COPD). The median duration of RPM-enrollment was 54 days (IQR 34–85). Neither the 6-month frequency of the co-primary composite outcome (59% vs 66%, FDR p-value = 0.47) nor the time to this composite (median 29 vs 38 days, FDR p-value = 0.60) differed between the groups, but 6-month mortality was lower in the RPM group (6.4% vs 17%, FDR p-value = 0.02). After adjustment for confounders, RPM enrollment was associated with nonsignificantly decreased odds for the composite outcome (adjusted OR [aOR] 0.68, 99% CI 0.25–1.34, FDR p-value 0.30) and lower 6-month mortality (aOR 0.41, 99% CI 0.00–0.86, FDR p-value 0.20). Conclusions: RPM enrollment may be associated with improved health outcomes, including 6-month mortality, for selected patient populations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number69
JournalBMC health services research
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2024

Keywords

  • Accountable care organization
  • Innovation
  • Remote patient monitoring

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