Posoleucel, an Allogeneic, Off-the-Shelf Multivirus-Specific T-Cell Therapy, for the Treatment of Refractory Viral Infections in the Post-HCT Setting

Thomas Pfeiffer, Ifigeneia Tzannou, Mengfen Wu, Carlos Ramos, Ghadir Sasa, Caridad Martinez, Premal Lulla, Robert A. Krance, Lauren Scherer, Daniel Ruderfer, Swati Naik, Claire Bocchini, Iain P. Fraser, Badrish Patel, Dany Ward, Tao Wang, Helen E. Heslop, Ann M. Leen, Bilal Omer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Viral infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). In the absence of safe and effective antiviral treatments, virus-specific T cells have emerged as a promising therapeutic option. Posoleucel is a multivirus-specific T-cell therapy for offthe- shelf use against six viral infections that commonly occur in allo-HCT recipients: adenovirus, BK virus (BKV), cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, human herpes virus-6, and JC virus. Patients and Methods: We conducted an open-label, phase II trial to determine the feasibility and safety of posoleucel in allo-HCT recipients infected with one or more of these viruses. Infections were either unresponsive to or patients were unable to tolerate standard antiviral therapies. Fifty-eight adult and pediatric patients were enrolled and treated. Results: Posoleucel was well tolerated, with no cytokine release syndrome or other infusion-related toxicities; two patients (3.4%) developed Grade 2 and one patient (1.7%) Grade 3 GvHD during the trial. The overall response rate 6 weeks after the first posoleucel infusion was 95%, with a median plasma viral load reduction of 97%. Of the 12 patients who had two or more target viral infections identified at study entry, 10 (83%) had a clinical response for all evaluable viruses. Of the 23 patients treated for refractory BKV-associated hemorrhagic cystitis, 74% had resolution of symptoms and macroscopic hematuria by 6 weeks post-infusion. Conclusions: In this open-label trial, treatment of refractory viral infections/disease in allo-HCT recipients with posoleucel was feasible, safe, and effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3240330
Number of pages1
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2023

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Posoleucel, an Allogeneic, Off-the-Shelf Multivirus-Specific T-Cell Therapy, for the Treatment of Refractory Viral Infections in the Post-HCT Setting'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this