Positive Bacterial Culture Results at a Dermatologic Surgery Center: A Single-Site Retrospective Review

Jessica B. Dietert, James Ko, Eva A. Hurst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Typical prophylactic coverage of suspected cutaneous surgical-site infections (SSIs) predominantly covers gram-positive bacteria. Data regarding the frequency of infection with unusual bacteria, not covered by prophylaxis, are not available. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective 10-year review of culture-positive infections at a single academic site was performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All positive bacterial culture results at the Washington University Center for Dermatologic and Cosmetic Surgery between October 31, 2007, and October 31, 2017, were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Coagulase-negative staphylococcus accounted for 20.8% of positive culture results. Staphylococcus aureus caused 45.4% of infections. The remaining 33.8% were due to non-S. aureus bacteria, most frequently with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (10.8%). Numerous other gram-negative organisms and unusual gram-positive organisms were cultured. The lower extremity and ear were the only sites more likely to be infected with non-S. aureus bacteria. Smokers and immunosuppressed individuals were not more likely to have an SSI with non-S. aureus bacteria. CONCLUSION: A significant proportion of all SSIs with positive culture results was due to bacteria that are not sensitive to beta-lactam prophylaxis. Broader coverage for suspected SSI should be considered, particularly on the lower extremity and ear.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)773-779
Number of pages7
JournalDermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

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