Porcine dermal matrix sandwich graft for lower eyelid reconstruction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To report the clinical outcomes of porcine acellular dermal matrix implants sandwiched between skin and conjunctival flaps for lower eyelid reconstruction following Mohs surgery. Methods: A retrospective review was performed on patients with lower eyelid defects following Mohs surgery treated using a porcine acellular dermal matrix sandwich graft from 2013 to 2018. Patient demographics, defect size and characteristics, and collagen matrix implant dimensions were evaluated. Postoperative course and complications were also reviewed. Results: The dermal matrix sandwich graft was performed in 13 cases (12 patients). Average horizontal marginal defect width was 11.7 mm (range: 6–16 mm). Mean width of the implanted dermal matrix was 7.7 mm (range: 5–9 mm). There were no instances of infection or graft failure. The reconstructed lid had an excellent marginal contour in 11 cases (84.6%), while 2 had minimal irregularities. All patients had an excellent thickness of the reconstructed margin. One patient (7.7%) required cauterization of overgrown marginal conjunctiva after surgery. Two patients (15.4%) experienced symptomatic trichiasis, requiring electrolysis (n = 1) and epilation (n = 1). Conclusions: The dermal matrix sandwich graft is an effective method for marginal defect repair when the remaining conjunctiva and skin are sufficient to develop the necessary flaps. While the resolution of edema and erythema may take several months, an excellent final result is achieved in the majority of cases. Complications are mild, relatively uncommon, and similar to those encountered in other reconstructive procedures. This single-stage, tissue-sparing technique preserves the capability of performing future tarsoconjunctival flaps or lateral canthal procedures, should the need arise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-144
Number of pages7
JournalOrbit (London)
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Acellular dermal matrix
  • eyelid reconstruction
  • eyelid surgery
  • oculoplastic surgery
  • rhomboid flap

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