Policy statement - Boxing participation by children and adolescents

Teri M. McCambridge, Joel S. Brenner, Holly J. Benjamin, Charles T. Cappetta, Rebecca A. Demorest, Mark E. Halstead, Chris G. Koutures, Cynthia R. LaBella, Michele Labotz, Keith Loud, Stephanie S. Martin, Amanda Weiss-Kelly, Tracy Bridger, Kristin Houghton, Claire LeBlanc, Stan Lipnowski, Peter Nieman, John F. Philpott, Christina Templeton, Tom Warshawski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Thousands of boys and girls younger than 19 years participate in boxing in North America. Although boxing provides benefits for participants, including exercise, self-discipline, and self-confidence, the sport of boxing encourages and rewards deliberate blows to the head and face. Participants in boxing are at risk of head, face, and neck injuries, including chronic and even fatal neurologic injuries. Concussions are one of the most common injuries that occur with boxing. Because of the risk of head and facial injuries, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Canadian Paediatric Society oppose boxing as a sport for children and adolescents. These organizations recommend that physicians vigorously oppose boxing in youth and encourage patients to participate in alternative sports in which intentional head blows are not central to the sport.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)617-623
Number of pages7
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • Boxing
  • Children and adolescents
  • Concussion
  • Head injuries
  • Youth


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