Many institutions have adopted algorithms based on preapheresis circulating CD34+ cell counts to optimize the use of plerixafor. However, a circulating peripheral blood CD34+ cell threshold that predicts mobilization failure has not been defined. The superiority of plerixafor + granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) over placebo + G-CSF for hematopoietic stem cell mobilization and collection was shown for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma in a phase III, prospective, randomized, controlled study. The question remains as to which patients may benefit most from the use of plerixafor. In this post hoc retrospective analysis, mobilization outcomes were compared between the 2 treatment arms in patients stratified by peripheral blood CD34+ cell count (<5, 5 to 9, 10 to 14, 15 to 19, or ≥20 cells/μL) obtained before study treatment and apheresis. Compared with placebo plus G-CSF, plerixafor plus G-CSF significantly increased the peripheral blood CD34+ cells/μL over prior day levels in all 5 stratified groups. The probability of subsequent transplantation without a rescue mobilization was far greater in the plerixafor-treated patients for the lowest initial (day 4) peripheral blood CD34+ cells/μL groups (<5, 5 to 9, or 10 to 14). Engraftment and durability were the same for the 2 treatment groups for all strata, but the effect in the lower strata could be altered by the addition of cells from rescue mobilizations. These findings may provide insight into the optimal use of plerixafor in all patients undergoing stem cell mobilization.
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
- Peripheral blood stem cell mobilization