Introduction: Autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) is a treatment for osteochondral lesions with known concerns, including histological degradation of the graft and poor cartilage integration. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and hyaluronic acid (HA) have been described has having the potential to improve results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of PRP and HA on AOT in a rabbit model. Methods: Thirty-six rabbits underwent bilateral knee AOT treated with either the biological adjunct (PRP, n = 12; HA, n = 12; PRP + HA, n = 12) or saline (control). PRP and HA were administered as an intra-articular injection. The rabbits were euthanized at 3, 6, or 12 weeks postoperatively. The graft sections were assessed using the modified International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) scoring system. The results from the PRP alone group is from previously published data. Results: The mean modified ICRS histological score for the PRP-treated group was higher than its control (P = 0.002). The mean modified ICRS histological score for the HA-treated group showed no difference compared with its control (P = 0.142). The mean modified ICRS histological score for the PRP + HA–treated group was higher than its control (P = 0.006). There was no difference between the mean modified ICRS scores of the PRP- and the PRP + HA–treated grafts (P = 0.445). Conclusion: PRP may decrease graft degradation and improve chondral integration in an animal model. In this model, the addition of HA was not synergistic for the parameters assessed. Level of Evidence. Basic science, Level V. Clinical Relevance. PRP can be used as an adjunct to AOT, which may decrease graft degeneration and improve clinical outcomes. HA may not influence AOT.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2018|
- animal models
- articular cartilage
- cartilage repair