Platelet adenylyl cyclase activity in alcoholics and subtypes of alcoholics

A. Parsian, R. D. Todd, C. R. Cloninger, P. L. Hoffman, L. Ovchinnikova, H. Ikeda, B. Tabakoff

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    28 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity was measured in membrane preparations of platelets from control and alcoholic subjects. The sample consisted of 51 alcoholics who were categorized as type I or type II using the criteria of Gilligan et al. (Genet. Epidemiol. 4:395-414, 1987) and 54 normal controls. Alcoholic males exhibited significantly lower values than controls in basal and fluoride-stimulated platelet AC activity. When male alcoholics were segregated into type I and type II categories, the platelet AC activity did not differ between subtypes, and both subtypes had AC activity that was below control values. Western blot analysis of the quantity of G(s)α and G(i)α proteins in a subset of male controls and alcoholic subjects demonstrated no significant relationship between quantity of G proteins and AC activity. The results confirm lower platelet AC activity in male alcoholics, compared with controls. Given the lack of quantitative relations between G(s)α and G(i)α proteins and AC activity, the results support the contention that individual differences in platelet AC activity in the alcoholic subjects may reflect quantitative or qualitative differences in the AC catalytic units.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)745-751
    Number of pages7
    JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
    Volume20
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2 1996

    Keywords

    • Adenylyl Cyclase
    • Alcoholic Subtypes
    • Fluoride Stimulation
    • G(s)α/G(i)α Proteins
    • Linear Regression Analysis

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    Parsian, A., Todd, R. D., Cloninger, C. R., Hoffman, P. L., Ovchinnikova, L., Ikeda, H., & Tabakoff, B. (1996). Platelet adenylyl cyclase activity in alcoholics and subtypes of alcoholics. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 20(4), 745-751. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-0277.1996.tb01681.x