Platelet-activating factor mediates trinitrobenzene induced colitis

W. E. Longo, G. Polities, A. M. Vernava, Y. Deshpande, M. Niehoff, B. Chandel, A. Kulkarni, D. L. Kaminski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is an endogenous phospholipid which may be an important mediator of shock and inflammation. Recent evidence suggests that PAF plays a role in the development of ischemic colitis and inflammatory bowel disease. Its effects are mediated by second messengers, including the arachidonic acid metabolites. Using an ex vivo isolated left colon rabbit perfusion model, our aims were to determine whether exogenously administered trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNB), which produces experimental colitis, stimulates both PAF and eicosanoid release in the colon, and if so, whether this effect can be blocked by a PAF antagonist. Colonic inflammation was induced by the intracolonic administration of 0.25 ml of 50% ethanol containing 30 mg of TNB. Tissue and perfusate concentrations of the eicosanoids, [prostaglandin E (PGE2), 6-keto-prostaglandin F (6-keto-PGF1α) and thromboxane B2 (TXB2), leukotriene B4 (LTB4)] and the autocoid PAF were measured by ELISA. During TNB infusion there was a significant increase in tissue levels of PAF compared to control colons. Additional studies performed pretreating the colons with the PAF receptor antagonist WEB-2170 prior to TNB infusion blocked PAF release. TNB stimulated release of luminal eicosanoids except LTB4 and suppressed release of tissue prostanoids. Pretreatment with WEB-2170 prior to TNB inhibited luminal eicosanoids, and inhibited PGE2 and prostacyclin, but not TX tissue suppression. Inhibition of TNB-stimulated PAF release by WEB-2170 suggests that PAF may play a role in TNB-induced colitis and this phenomenon may mediate tissue injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-424
Number of pages6
JournalProstaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1994


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