Plasma amino acids in long-term models for obstructive versus toxic liver injury in developing rats

Sally A. Weisdorf, Deborah K. Freese, William J. Radmer, Louis P. Dehner, Frank B. Cerra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated plasma amino acid (AA) con-centrations associated with a histologically defined lesion caused by bile duct ligation (BDL) in developing rats. Nineteen rats that underwent BDL at 14 days of age had marked bile duct proliferation with bridging fibrosis, multifocal lobular necrosis, and minimal polymorphonuclear periportal infiltrate in their livers at sacrifice (11-31 days after ligation). These were compared to two age-matched control groups: 21 nonoperated rats and 22 sham-operated rats; and eight rats with cirrhosis caused by carbon tetrachloride. Signs of liver damage including jaundice, growth failure, bleeding, and ascites were accompanied by elevated bilirubin, ammonia, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase levels in BDL rats compared to controls. They had higher concentrations of total AAs, phenylalanine, tyrosine, and cyst(e)ine when compared to controls and to CCl4-treated rats. Micronodular cirrhosis was present in CCl4-treated rats with elevated AST and alkaline phosphatase levels. Glutamine and glutamate levels were higher in them than in BDL rats or controls, and branched chain AA levels were lower. These two chronic lesions, one obstructive and one hepatotoxic, both result in fibrotic change, but their metabolic abnormalities as reflected in plasma AA levels are distinct. We found that BDL is an appropriate model with which to study metabolic changes and growth failure due to chronic biliary stasis during its progression to frank cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-379
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1990

Keywords

  • Amino acids
  • Bile duct ligation
  • Biliary stasis

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