Planning for a nondriving future: Behaviors and beliefs among middle-aged and older drivers

Annie C. Harmon, Ganesh M. Babulal, Jonathon M. Vivoda, Brian J. Zikmund-Fisher, David B. Carr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Despite the reality of older adults living many years after driving cessation, few prepare for the eventuality; empirically, planning for a nondriving future has not been directly quantified or explored. The following study quantifies (1) the extent of current drivers' planning; (2) specific planning behaviors; (3) beliefs about benefits of planning; (4) drivers' intention to plan more for future transportation needs; and (5) group differences associated with planning. In a predominantly female, black, urban sample of current drivers ages 53-92, fewer than half (42.1%) had planned at all for a nondriving future, with correspondingly low levels of planning behaviors reported. However, over 80% believed planning would help them meet their needs post-cessation and transition emotionally to being a nondriver. Most (85%) intended to plan more in the future as well, indicating further potential openness to the topic. Drivers who planned were older, drove less frequently, limited their driving to nearby places, reported less difficulty believing they would become a nondriver, and expected to continue driving three years less than non-planners. These findings suggest that drivers' perceived nearness to driving cessation impacts planning for future transportation needs, and existing perceived benefits of planning may provide leverage to motivate action.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19
JournalGeriatrics (Switzerland)
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018


  • Aging drivers
  • Driving cessation
  • Mobility planning


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