Potential sources of alignment variability not yet investigated with the use of custom cutting guides (CCG) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are weight-bearing and lower extremity rotation. This study compared the preoperative planned bone resections created using an MRI-based CCG system to those from 3-dimensional, weight-bearing, full-length lower extremity images in 53 patients undergoing TKA. The angular difference between the proposed resections of the two systems was greater than 2° in 30.2% of patients for the distal femur, and 52.8% for the proximal tibia. An increased preoperative varus alignment had a slight association with an increased angular difference for the tibial resection (r = 0.4). This study demonstrates weight-bearing and lower extremity rotation to be potential sources of alignment variability when using MRI-based CCGs.
- Custom cutting guides
- Total knee arthroplasty