Piritrexim in advanced, refractory carcinoma of the urothelium (E3896): A phase II trial of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group

Bruce J. Roth, Judith Manola, Robert Dreicer, David Graham, George Wilding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

This was a single-agent phase II clinical trial of the antifol piritrexim in patients with advanced transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. Methods: Patients with previously-treated, advanced urothelial carcinoma were treated with oral piritrexim at a dose of 25 mg three times daily for 5 consecutive days each week for 3 consecutive weeks followed by a 1-week rest period. Courses were repeated every 28 days. Results: Thirty-five patients were enrolled in the study, with 28 patients evaluable for survival and toxicity and 27 evaluable for response. Toxicity: Myelosuppression was the major dose-limiting toxicity, with WHO grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia in 4 patients, granulocytopenia in 1 patient, and anemia in 3 patients. Grade 3 nonhematologic toxicity consisted of neuropathy in 5 patients, hepatotoxicity in 2, nausea in 2, and 1 each with pulmonary toxicity and rash. Efficacy: Of the 27 patients evaluable for response, 2 (7%) achieved an objective response, lasting 112 and 142 days, respectively. Conclusion: Piritrexim has minimal activity in patients with previously treated transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, regardless of prior exposure to methotrexate, and further evaluation of this compound in this clinical setting is not warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-429
Number of pages5
JournalInvestigational New Drugs
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2002

Keywords

  • Bladder cancer
  • Piritrexim
  • Refractory disease
  • Transitional cell carcinoma
  • Urothelial cancer

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