Pilot study of pioglitazone and exercise training effects on basal myocardial substrate metabolism and left ventricular function in hiv-positive individuals with metabolic complications

W. Cade, Dominic Reeds, E. Overton, Pilar Herrero, Alan Waggoner, Erin Laciny, Coco Bopp, Sherry Lassa-Claxton, Robert Gropler, Linda Peterson, Kevin Yarasheski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Individuals with HIV infection and peripheral metabolic complications have impaired basal myocardial insulin sensitivity that is related to left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction. It is unknown whether interventions shown to be effective in improving peripheral insulin sensitivity can improve basal myocardial insulin sensitivity and diastolic function in people with HIV and peripheral metabolic complications. Objective: In a pilot study, we evaluated whether the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ) agonist pioglitazone or combined endurance and resistance exercise training improves basal myocardial insulin sensitivity and diastolic function in HIV+ adults with peripheral metabolic complications. Design: Twenty-four HIV+ adults with metabolic complications including peripheral insulin resistance were randomly assigned to 4 months of pioglitazone (PIO; 30 mg/d) or supervised, progressive endurance and resistance exercise training (EXS; 90-120 min/d, 3 d/wk). Basal myocardial substrate metabolism was quantified by radioisotope tracer methodology and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, and LV function was measured by echocardiography. Results: Twenty participants completed the study. Neither PIO nor EXS resulted in a detectable improvement in basal myocardial insulin sensitivity or diastolic function. Post hoc analyses revealed sample sizes of more than 100 participants are needed to detect significant effects of these interventions on basal myocardial insulin sensitivity and function. Conclusions: PIO or EXS alone did not significantly increase basal myocardial insulin sensitivity or LV diastolic function in HIV+ individuals with peripheral metabolic complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-312
Number of pages10
JournalHIV Clinical Trials
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • HIV
  • exercise
  • insulin resistance
  • left ventricular dysfunction
  • metabolic syndrome

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