Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial to Reduce Readmission for Heart Failure Using Novel Tablet and Nurse Practitioner Education

Khadijah Breathett, Scott Maffett, Randi E. Foraker, Rod Sturdivant, Kristina Moon, Ayesha Hasan, Veronica Franco, Sakima Smith, Brent C. Lampert, Sitaramesh Emani, Garrie Haas, Rami Kahwash, Ray E. Hershberger, Philip F. Binkley, Laura Helmkamp, Kathryn Colborn, Pamela N. Peterson, Nancy Sweitzer, William T. Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Background: Heart failure education programs are not standardized. The best form of education is unclear. We evaluated whether addition of a novel tablet application to nurse practitioner (NP) education was superior to NP education alone in reducing 30-day readmission after heart failure hospitalization. Methods: From February 2015-March 2016, patients admitted to a quaternary academic center with primary diagnosis of heart failure were randomized to 1) treatment – NP education plus tablet application (interactive conditional logic program that flags patient questions to medical staff), or 2) control – NP education. The primary outcome was reduction in 30-day readmission rate. Secondary outcomes included satisfaction and education assessed via survey. Results: Randomization included 60 patients to treatment and 66 to control. A total of 13 patients withdrew prior to intervention (treatment n = 4, control n = 1) or were lost to follow-up (treatment n = 3, control n = 5). The 30-day readmission rate trended lower for treatment compared with control, but results were not statistically significant (13.2% [7/53], 26.7% [16/60], respectively, P =.08). Similarly, satisfaction trended higher with treatment than control (P =.08). Treatment patients rated explanations from their physicians higher than control (Always: 83.7%, 55.8%, respectively, P =.01). Conclusions: NP education plus tablet use was not associated with significantly lower 30-day readmission rates in comparison with NP alone, but a positive trend was seen. Patient satisfaction trended higher and heart failure explanations were better with NP education plus tablet. A larger study is needed to determine if NP education plus tablet reduces readmission rates following heart failure admission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)974-978
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2018


  • Educational technology
  • Heart failure
  • Nurse practitioner
  • Patient education
  • Readmission


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