Physical and functional characterization of the genetic locus of IBtk, an inhibitor of Bruton's tyrosine kinase: Evidence for three protein isoforms of IBtk

Carmen Spatuzza, Marco Schiavone, Emanuela Di Salle, Elzbieta Janda, Marco Sardiello, Giuseppe Fiume, Olga Fierro, Marco Simonetta, Notis Argiriou, Raffaella Faraonio, Rosanna Capparelli, Ileana Quinto, Giuseppe Scala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) is required for B-cell development. Btk deficiency causes X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) in humans and X-linked immunodeficiency (Xid) in mice. Btk lacks a negative regulatory domain and may rely on cytoplasmic proteins to regulate its activity. Consistently, we identified an inhibitor of Btk, IBtk, which binds to the PH domain of Btk and down-regulates the Btk kinase activity. IBtk is an evolutionary conserved protein encoded by a single genomic sequence at 6q14.1 cytogenetic location, a region of recurrent chromosomal aberrations in lymphoproliferative disorders; however, the physical and functional organization of IBTK is unknown. Here, we report that the human IBTK locus includes three distinct mRNAs arising from complete intron splicing, an additional polyadenylation signal and a second transcription start site that utilizes a specific ATG for protein translation. By northern blot, 5′RACE and 3′RACE we identified three IBTKα, IBTKβ and IBTKγ mRNAs, whose transcription is driven by two distinct promoter regions; the corresponding IBtk proteins were detected in human cells and mouse tissues by specific antibodies. These results provide the first characterization of the human IBTK locus and may assist in understanding the in vivo function of IBtk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4402-4416
Number of pages15
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume36
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

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