Phospholipase Cγ2 modulates integrin signaling in the osteoclast by affecting the localization and activation of Src kinase

Holly Epple, Viviana Cremasco, Kaihua Zhang, Dailing Mao, Gregory D. Longmore, Roberta Faccio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Integrin engagement induces a cascade of signaling pathways that include tyrosine phosphorylation of numerous proteins that lead to modulation of the actin cytoskeleton. Src is a major intracellular mediator of integrin-dependent functions, but the mechanism(s) by which Src is regulated in response to integrin signals is not fully understood. Here, we demonstrate an important role for phospholipase C gamma 2 (PLCγ2) in Src activation in the osteoclast. Through analysis of primary cells from PLCγ2-/- mice, PLCγ2 was found to be an important regulator of αvβ 3 integrin-mediated bone osteoclast cell adhesion, migration, and bone resorption. Adhesion-induced PYK2 and Src phosphorylation is decreased in the absence of PLCγ2, and the interaction of Src with β3 integrin and PYK2 is dramatically reduced. Importantly, PLCγ2 was found to be required for proper localization of Src to the sealing actin ring, and this function required both its catalytic activity and adapter domains. Based on these results, we propose that PLCγ2 influences Src activation by mediating the localization of Src to the integrin complex and thereby regulating integrin-mediated functions in the osteoclast.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3610-3622
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume28
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

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