Stimulation of platelets and other secretory cells by agonists results in the degradation of phosphoinositides by phospholipase C. Kinetic studies suggest that hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-diphosphate (PI-4,5-P2) is an initial event in this process. Platelets contain much larger amounts of phosphatidylinositol (PI) than PI-4,5-P2, and approximately 50% of total phosphoinositides are degraded upon stimulation. We have investigated whether degradation of PI occurs by direct phospholipase C hydrolysis or by phosphorylation to PI-4,5-P2 followed by phospholipase C action on the latter compound. When platelets are incubated for 3 min with 32P(i) prior to stimulation, the phosphoinositides are labeled to different specific activities. Under these nonequilibrium conditions, the time course of change in specific activity reflects turnover. The rise in specific activity of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI-4-P) is similar in stimulated and unstimulated cells, indicating that there is little increase in the conversion of PI to PI-4-P during thrombin stimulation. In addition, the specific activity of the 4-phosphate in PI-4-P during thrombin stimulation is less than both the 5-phosphate of PI-4,5-P2 and the phosphate group of phosphatidic acid, indicating that the 4-phosphate moiety is not labeled to equilibrium with ATP. This finding is inconsistent with a rapid flux of PI via PI-4-P to PI-4,5-P2 during thrombin stimulation, in which case the 4-phosphate would be at maximum specific activity. We, therefore, conclude that the bulk of PI breakdown that occurs in thrombin-stimulated platelets occurs via direct phospholipase C hydrolysis of PI.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1985|