Phenotypes of wheezing and asthma in preschool children

Christina G. Kwong, Leonard B. Bacharier

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Purpose of review The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the identified phenotypes of preschool wheezing. Recent findings Early life wheezing patterns have been described in multiple populations, with several commonalities found between cohorts. Early life environmental exposures have been found to be differentially associated with preschool wheezing phenotypes and their future trajectories. These include allergen and microbe exposure, environmental tobacco smoke exposure, and maternal stress and depression. Elevated IgE in early life may also influence future asthma risk. Summary Preschool wheezing phenotypes are heterogeneous and complex, with trajectories that are related to factors including environmental exposures. More research is needed to characterize these relationships, hopefully leading to targeted prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-153
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent opinion in allergy and clinical immunology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019


  • Asthma
  • Asthma predictive index
  • Atopy
  • Phenotypes
  • Preschool wheezing


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