Phase I Dose-Escalation Study of the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of AGS15E Monotherapy in Patients with Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

Daniel P. Petrylak, Bernhard J. Eigl, Saby George, Elisabeth I. Heath, Sebastien J. Hotte, David D. Chism, Lisle M. Nabell, Joel Picus, Susanna Y. Cheng, Leonard J. Appleman, Guru P. Sonpavde, Alicia K. Morgans, Pourya Pourhosseini, Ruishan Wu, Laura Standley, Ruslan Croitoru, Evan Y. Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Effective treatment of locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) remains an unmet need. Antibody–drug conjugates (ADC) providing targeted drug delivery have shown antitumor activity in this setting. AGS15E is an investigational ADC that delivers the cytotoxic drug monomethyl auristatin E to cells expressing SLITRK6, a UC-associated antigen. Patients and Methods: This was a multicenter, single-arm, phase I dose-escalation and expansion trial of AGS15E in patients with mUC (NCT01963052). During dose escalation, AGS15E was administered intravenously at six levels (0.10, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 1.25 mg/kg), employing a continual reassessment method to determine dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) and the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) for the dose-expansion cohort. The primary objective was to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of AGS15E in patients with and without prior chemotherapy and with prior checkpoint inhibitor (CPI) therapy. Best overall response was also examined. Results: Ninety-three patients were recruited, including 33 patients previously treated with CPI. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events were fatigue (54.8%), nausea (37.6%), and decreased appetite (35.5%). Peripheral neuropathy and ocular toxicities occurred at doses of ≥0.75 mg/kg. AGS15E increased in a dose-proportional manner after single- and multiple-dose administration; accumulation was low. Five DLT occurred from 0.50 to 1.25 mg/kg. The RP2D was assessed at 1.00 mg/kg; the objective response rate (ORR) was 35.7% at this dose level. The ORR in the total population and CPI-exposed subgroup were 18.3% and 27.3%, respectively. Conclusions: DLT with AGS15E were observed at 0.75, 1.00, and 1.25 mg/kg, with an RP2D of 1.00 mg/kg being determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-73
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2024

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