New therapies are needed for patients with relapsed/refractory (rel/ref) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who do not benefit from or are ineligible for stem cell transplant and chimeric antigen receptor therapy. The CD30-targeted, antibody-drug conjugate brentuximab vedotin (BV) and the immunomodulator lenalidomide (Len) have demonstrated promising activity as single agents in this population. We report the results of a phase 1/dose expansion trial evaluating the combination of BV/Len in rel/ref DLBCL. Thirty-seven patients received BV every 21 days, with Len administered continuously for a maximum of 16 cycles. The maximum tolerated dose of the combination was 1.2 mg/kg BV with 20 mg/d Len. BV/Len was well tolerated with a toxicity profile consistent with their use as single agents. Most patients required granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support because of neutropenia. The overall response rate was 57% (95% CI, 39.6-72.5), complete response rate, 35% (95% CI, 20.7-52.6); median duration of response, 13.1 months; median progression-free survival, 10.2 months (95% CI, 5.5-13.7); and median overall survival, 14.3 months (95% CI, 10.2-35.6). Response rates were highest in patients with CD30+ DLBCL (73%), but they did not differ according to cell of origin (P = .96). NK cell expansion and phenotypic changes in CD8+ T-cell subsets in nonresponders were identified by mass cytometry. BV/Len represents a potential treatment option for patients with rel/ref DLBCL. This combination is being further explored in a phase 3 study (registered on https://clinicaltrials.org as NCT04404283). This trial was registered on https://clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02086604.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1999-2010
Number of pages12
Issue number13
StatePublished - Mar 31 2022


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