Molecular imaging plays a vital role in the management of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). Somatostatin receptor (SSTR) PET is critical for evaluating NENs, ascertaining peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) eligibility, and treatment response. SSTR-PET/MRI can provide a one-stop-shop multiparametric evaluation of NENs. The acquisition of complementary imaging information in PET/MRI has distinct advantages over PET/CT and MR imaging acquisitions. The purpose of this manuscript is to provide a comprehensive overview of PET/MRI and a current review of recent PET/MRI advances in the diagnosis, staging, treatment, and surveillance of NENs.
- Neuroendocrine neoplasm