The purpose of this pictorial review is to describe emerging clinical applications of positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the newest clinical hybrid imaging modality, with a specific focus on abdominal and pelvic malignancies. Important issues regarding the clinical implementation of PET/MRI systems, including workflow considerations and protocol development, are examined. The unique technical challenges of simultaneous PET/MRI acquisition and MRI-based attenuation correction are also briefly discussed. This article is intended to provide the body imager with an overview of the potential diagnostic advantages of PET/MRI, as compared to PET/CT or MRI alone.
- Whole-body imaging