Perspectives on tiered older driver assessment in primary care settings

Marian E. Betz, Jacqueline Jones, Emma Genco, David B. Carr, Carolyn Di Guiseppi, Jason S. Haukoos, Steven R. Lowenstein, Robert Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of the Study: Widespread screening of older drivers, with in-depth evaluation only of those who screen positive ("tiered assessment"), might efficiently balance driver safety and mobility. To inform program development, we sought to examine the perspectives of older drivers and clinicians on the concept of tiered assessment in primary care settings. Design and Methods: Iterative focus groups and interviews with 33 community-dwelling current drivers aged =65 years and 8 primary care providers. We used inductive and deductive theme analysis to explore driver and clinician perspectives and to identify barriers and facilitators to establishing a tiered older driver assessment program in primary care settings. Results: Four dominant themes emerged. Two themes addressed the overall concept: (a) support for the concept of tiered older driver assessment and (b) concerns about the consequences of older driver assessment and how these could affect program viability. Two themes addressed screening: (c) tension inherent in using a generalized approach to the highly individualized issue of driving and (d) logistical considerations for screening in primary care settings. Implications: Standardized older driver screening and referral might improve clinician-driver communication, but screening should occur in a context that includes personalized mobility counseling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-281
Number of pages10
JournalGerontologist
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • Care
  • Clinical practice
  • Driving
  • Physician-patient communication/relationships
  • Preventive medicine
  • Qualitative research methods
  • Services

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