Personalized [177Lu]Lutetium-PSMA Therapy for Patients with Pre-Treated Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: A Single Institution Experience from a Comprehensive Cancer Centre

Wolfgang Thaiss, Friedemann Zengerling, Julia Friedrich, Veronika Hechler, Michael Grunert, Christian Bolenz, Thomas Wiegel, Ambros J. Beer, Vikas Prasad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is characterized by an aggressive biological behavior with a relatively short survival time, especially in progressive tumors pretreated with new hormonal agents and taxane chemotherapy. [177Lu]-Lutetium-PSMA (Lu-PSMA) treatment has proven efficacy in these patients. However, around 30% of the CRPC patients do not benefit from Lu-PSMA treatment, and little is known about predictive factors for treatment success if Lu-PSMA is offered in an individualized approach based on clinical and laboratory features. In this monocentric retrospective study, 86 CRPC patients receiving Lu-PSMA treatment were evaluated. The focus of the study was to describe clinical factors at baseline and during early treatment that are related to overall survival (OS). In addition, PSMA PET/CT-, PSA-response, and safety and tolerability (CTCAE adverse event reporting) were assessed. Efficacy endpoints were calculated using stratified Kaplan–Meier methods and Cox regression models. Mean applied dose was 17.7 GBq (mean 5.3 ± 1.1 GBq per cycle) with an average of 3.6 (range 1–8) therapy cycles. Patients were followed up for a mean of 12.4 months (range 1–39). The median OS was 15 months (95% CI 12.8–17.2). The best overall response rate in patients assessed with PSMA PET/CT and PSA response was 27.9%, and 50.0% had at least stable disease. Nine patients had a ≥grade 3 adverse event with anemia being the most frequent adverse event. Positive predictors for prolonged OS from baseline parameters were pre-treatment hemoglobin level of ≥10 g/dL and a lower PSA values at treatment start, while the presence of visceral or liver metastases were not significantly associated with worse prognoses in this cohort. With careful patient selection, an individualized Lu-PSMA treatment approach is feasible and patients with dose-limiting factors or visceral metastases should be included in prospective trials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3216
JournalCancers
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Keywords

  • castration-resistant prostate cancer
  • lutetium PSMA
  • prediction
  • PSA response
  • radioligand therapy

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