Personality as an intermediate phenotype for genetic dissection of alcohol use disorder

Lars Oreland, Gianvito Lagravinese, Simone Toffoletto, Kent W. Nilsson, Jaanus Harro, C. Robert Cloninger, Erika Comasco

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    12 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Genetic and environmental interactive influences on predisposition to develop alcohol use disorder (AUD) account for the high heterogeneity among AUD patients and make research on the risk and resiliency factors complicated. Several attempts have been made to identify the genetic basis of AUD; however, only few genetic polymorphisms have consistently been associated with AUD. Intermediate phenotypes are expected to be in-between proxies of basic neuronal biological processes and nosological symptoms of AUD. Personality is likely to be a top candidate intermediate phenotype for the dissection of the genetic underpinnings of different subtypes of AUD. To date, 38 studies have investigated personality traits, commonly assessed by the Cloninger’s Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) or Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), in relation to polymorphisms of candidate genes of neurotransmitter systems in alcohol-dependent patients. Particular attention has been given to the functional polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR), however, leading to contradictory results, whereas results with polymorphisms in other candidate monoaminergic genes (e.g., tryptophan hydroxylase, serotonin receptors, monoamine oxidases, dopamine receptors and transporter) are sparse. Only one genome-wide association study has been performed so far and identified the ABLIM1 gene of relevance for novelty seeking, harm avoidance and reward dependence in alcohol-dependent patients. Studies investigating genetic factors together with personality could help to define more homogenous subgroups of AUD patients and facilitate treatment strategies. This review also urges the scientific community to combine genetic data with psychobiological and environmental data to further dissect the link between personality and AUD.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)107-130
    Number of pages24
    JournalJournal of Neural Transmission
    Volume125
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

    Keywords

    • AUD
    • Alcohol
    • Gene
    • Personality
    • Serotonin

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  • Cite this

    Oreland, L., Lagravinese, G., Toffoletto, S., Nilsson, K. W., Harro, J., Robert Cloninger, C., & Comasco, E. (2018). Personality as an intermediate phenotype for genetic dissection of alcohol use disorder. Journal of Neural Transmission, 125(1), 107-130. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-016-1672-9