A 15-year-old female presented with headaches and bilateral vision loss. Fundoscopic examination revealed bilateral optic nerve oedema as well as peripheral retinal haemorrhages. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed findings consistent with bilateral optic neuritis. The patient was started on high dose intravenous corticosteroids but her vision failed to improve. The presence of retinal haemorrhages raised concern that a vasculitis was underlying her symptoms, prompting an extensive work-up, which was unrevealing. Plasmapheresis was initiated and the patient’s vision eventually improved to 20/20 in both eyes. Ultimately, she was found to be positive for myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies, consistent with a diagnosis of MOG-associated optic neuritis. The patient’s course was typical for MOG-associated optic neuritis but her peripheral retinal haemorrhages were atypical, which created diagnostic uncertainty. It is important to be aware of the possibility of retinal findings in this disease. We also review potential causes for retinal haemorrhages in optic neuritis.

Original languageEnglish
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • corticosteroids
  • MOG-associated optic neuritis
  • optic nerve oedema
  • plasma exchange
  • retinal haemorrhage


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