Perioperative mental health intervention for depression and anxiety symptoms in older adults study protocol: design and methods for three linked randomised controlled trials

Katherine J. Holzer, Kimberly A. Bartosiak, Ryan P. Calfee, Chet W. Hammill, Simon Haroutounian, Benjamin D. Kozower, Theresa A. Cordner, Emily M. Lenard, Kenneth E. Freedland, Bethany R. Tellor Pennington, Rachel C. Wolfe, J. Philip Miller, Mary C. Politi, Yi Zhang, Michael D. Yingling, Ana A. Baumann, Thomas Kannampallil, Julia A. Schweiger, Sherry L. McKinnon, Michael S. AvidanEric J. Lenze, Joanna Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction Preoperative anxiety and depression symptoms among older surgical patients are associated with poor postoperative outcomes, yet evidence-based interventions for anxiety and depression have not been applied within this setting. We present a protocol for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in three surgical cohorts: cardiac, oncological and orthopaedic, investigating whether a perioperative mental health intervention, with psychological and pharmacological components, reduces perioperative symptoms of depression and anxiety in older surgical patients. Methods and analysis Adults ≥60 years undergoing cardiac, orthopaedic or oncological surgery will be enrolled in one of three-linked type 1 hybrid effectiveness/ implementation RCTs that will be conducted in tandem with similar methods. In each trial, 100 participants will be randomised to a remotely delivered perioperative behavioural treatment incorporating principles of behavioural activation, compassion and care coordination, and medication optimisation, or enhanced usual care with mental health-related resources for this population. The primary outcome is change in depression and anxiety symptoms assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire-Anxiety Depression Scale from baseline to 3 months post surgery. Other outcomes include quality of life, delirium, length of stay, falls, rehospitalisation, pain and implementation outcomes, including study and intervention reach, acceptability, feasibility and appropriateness, and patient experience with the intervention. Ethics and dissemination The trials have received ethics approval from the Washington University School of Medicine Institutional Review Board. Informed consent is required for participation in the trials. The results will be submitted for publication in peer-reviewed journals, presented at clinical research conferences and disseminated via the Center for Perioperative Mental Health website.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere082656
JournalBMJ Open
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2024

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