Perioperative management of gynecological surgery patients: Does fellow involvement improve performance?

Holly L. Steiner, Catrina C. Crisp, Rachel N. Pauls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: Physicians-in-training play a role in guiding patient care, and their contributions may improve adherence to clinical practice guidelines. However, there is scant information in the literature assessing this impact on perioperative decision-making. The purpose of this study was to determine whether involvement of urogynecology fellows results in closer adherence to guidelines regarding perioperative management of gynecological patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing major gynecological surgery between 1 July 2009 and 30 June 2010. Charts were identified using surgical procedure codes (SPT) and subdivided into: urogynecology (fellow co-managed) or private gynecology patients. Information was collected regarding pre- and postoperative deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis, preoperative antibiotic type, dose, and timing. Results: Included were 699 women: 564 (81.2%) private and 135 (19.4%) urogynecology patients. Significant differences were noted in preoperative DVT prophylaxis, with the fellow-managed group being treated appropriately more often (p = 0.001). Postoperative management of thromboprophylaxis, however, was not found to be significant (p = 0.163). When evaluating antibiotic utilization, both groups were similar with regard to the timing of cephalosporins. However, fellows were significantly superior in dosing antibiotics correctly (p = 0.023), and their selection of appropriate antibiotics for penicillin-allergic subjects approached significance (p = 0.052). Conclusions: Fellow contributions toward clinical decisions resulted in more appropriate DVT prophylaxis and antibiotic administration prior to gynecological surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1025-1031
Number of pages7
JournalInternational urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Antibiotic prophylaxis
  • Fellows
  • Perioperative management
  • Thromboprophylaxis

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