OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to review the available armamentarium and most recent advances in minimally invasive, image-guided percutaneous thermal ablation for treatment of spinal metastases. CONCLUSION. Minimally invasive percutaneous spine thermal ablation technologies have proved safe and effective in management of selected patients with spinal metastases. Special attention to procedure techniques including choice of ablation modality, thermoprotection, adequacy of treatment, and postablation imaging is essential for improved patient outcomes.
- Spinal metastases
- Thermal ablation