Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in ICU patients with previous laparotomy

James L. Guzzo, Grant V. Bochicchio, James Haan, Kelly Bochicchio, Kerry Kole, Thomas M. Scalea

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

To our knowledge, there is an absence of data evaluating the safety and efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement in ICU patients with previous abdominal surgery. Our goals were to determine the complication rate of PEG in ICU patients who either had a recent or prior laparotomy compared to patients without any prior abdominal surgery. Prospective data was collected on 42 consecutive patients with prior abdominal surgery who underwent PEG placement in a university ICU setting during a 3-year period. These patients were further stratified by time of previous abdominal surgery: recent = abdominal surgery during the current hospitalization; old = abdominal surgery done prior to the current hospitalization and >30 days. Complications were defined as technical problems, local infection, tube dislodgment, and bleeding. This data was compared to results of 75 consecutive PEG placements in ICU patients with no previous abdominal surgery (NPAS) at the same institution. A total of 117 patients were included in the study. Sixty-two (58%) of the patients were trauma patients and 45 (42%) had other pathology. The mean age of the study population was 53 ± 15 years and they were primarily male (75%). The overall complication rates were as follows: local wound = 18.7 per cent, technical problems = 4 per cent, PEG dislodgment = 7.4 per cent, and bleeding = 3 per cent. Of the 42 patients with prior abdominal surgery, 22 were recent, and 20 were old. Local wound complications were the most common complication when stratified by PEG category (virgin = 17.3%, recent = 18%, and old = 15%) followed by dislodgment (virgin = 6.7%, recent = 9%, and old = 5%). There were no significant differences in complication rates when comparing specific complications by PEG category as analyzed by χ2 analysis. PEG should be considered in all patients with previous laparotomy in need for long-term enteral access.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-423
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume71
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

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    Guzzo, J. L., Bochicchio, G. V., Haan, J., Bochicchio, K., Kole, K., & Scalea, T. M. (2005). Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in ICU patients with previous laparotomy. American Surgeon, 71(5), 420-423.