Perceived barriers to adherence have previously been investigated in SOT to identify plausible intervention targets to improve adherence and transplant outcomes. Fifteen centers in CTOTC enrolled patients longitudinally. Patients >8 years completed Adolescent Scale(AMBS) at two visits at least 6 months apart in the first 17 months post-transplant while their guardians completed PMBS. Differences over time for pre-identified AMBS/PMBS factors were analyzed. Perceived barrier reporting impact on subsequent TAC levels was assessed. A total of 123 patients or their guardians completed PMBS or AMBS. Twenty-six were 6-11 years and 97 were ≥12. The final cohort consisted of kidney (66%), lung (19%), liver (8%), and heart (7%) recipients. Unadjusted analysis showed no statistically significant change in reported barriers from visit 1 (median 2.6 months, range 1.2-3.7 post-transplant) to visit 2 (median 12, range 8.9-16.5). Of 102 patients with TAC levels, 74 had a single level reported at both visits. The factor of “Disease frustration” was identified through the PMBS/AMBS questions about fatigue around medication and disease. Each point increase in “disease frustration” at visit 1 on the AMBS/PMBS doubled the odds of a lower-than-threshold TAC level at visit 2. No clear change in overall level of perceived barriers to medication adherence in the first year post-transplant was seen in pediatric SOT. However, disease frustration early post-transplant was associated with a single subtherapeutic TAC levels at 12 months. A brief screening measure may allow for early self-identification of risk.
- solid organ transplant