Peptide affinity and concentration affect the sensitivity of M3- restricted CTLs induced in vitro

Derek E. Byers, Kirsten Fischer Lindahl

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11 Scopus citations


In vitro stimulation of mouse splenocytes with hemagglutinin (HA) 173- 190, a peptide derived from influenza virus hemagglutinin (A/JAP/305/57, H2N2), induces CTLs that are directed to the MHC class Ib molecule, H2-M3. M3 preferably binds peptides bearing an N-terminal formylmethionine. In this study, we show that several related nonformylated peptides can induce anti-HA CTLs in vitro: MLIIW (the minimal epitope), derived from HA186-190 at the C- terminal end of HA173-190; MLIIWG; MLIIWGV; and MLIIWGI, as well as formylated MLIIW. The heptamer peptides correspond to a polymorphism of HA192 in H2 strains of influenza; they have the highest relative affinities for M3 of the nonformylated peptides and higher affinities than some formylated mitochondrial peptides. Depending on the affinity of the peptide, a range of concentrations can be used to induce CTLs. One nanomolar of the high affinity f-MLIIW peptide can induce anti-HA CTLs, whereas 100-fold more of the lower affinity MLIIW peptide is needed. Lines induced with high concentrations (1 μM or greater) of f-MLIIW recognize Ag poorly, and the most efficient CTLs are induced with the lowest concentrations of peptide. Analysis with a panel of anti-TCRVβ Abs shows that different T cells respond to high vs low peptide; the repertoire of cells responding to higher concentrations is more diverse, consistent with the expansion of more, but less efficient, clones. Thus, peptide affinity and concentration should be considered together for generating efficient antipeptide CTLs in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3022-3028
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 15 1999


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