Pelvic rotation after total hip arthroplasty is dynamic and variable

Gregory S. Kazarian, Derek T. Schloemann, Toby N. Barrack, Charles Lawrie, Robert L. Barrack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine the change in the sagittal alignment of the pelvis and the associated impact on acetabular component position at one-year follow-up after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: This study represents the one-year follow-up of a previous short-term study at our institution. Using the patient population from our prior study, the radiological pelvic ratio was assessed in 91 patients undergoing THA, of whom 50 were available for follow-up of at least one year (median 1.5; interquartile range (IQR) 1.1 to 2.0). Anteroposterior radiographs of the pelvis were obtained in the standing position preoperatively and at one year postoperatively. Pelvic ratio was defined as the ratio between the vertical distance from the inferior sacroiliac (SI) joints to the superior pubic symphysis and the horizontal distance between the inferior SI joints. Apparent acetabular component position changes were determined from the change in pelvic ratio. A change of at least 5° was considered clinically meaningful. RESULTS: Pelvic ratio decreased (posterior tilt) in 54.0% (27) of cases, did not change significantly in 34.0% (17) of cases, and increased (anterior tilt) in 12.0% (6) of cases when comparing preoperative to one-year postoperative radiographs. This would correspond with 5° to 10° of abduction error in 22.0% of cases and > 10° of error in 6.0%. Likewise, this would correspond with 5° to 10° of version error in 22.0% of cases and > 10° of error in 44.0%. CONCLUSION: Pelvic sagittal alignment is dynamic and variable after THA, and these changes persist to the one-year postoperative period, altering the orientation of the acetabular component. Surgeons who individualize the acetabular component placement based on preoperative functional radiographs should consider that the rotation of the pelvis (and thus the component version and inclination) changes one year postoperatively. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(7 Supple B):47-51.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-51
Number of pages5
JournalThe bone & joint journal
Volume102-B
Issue number7 B
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • Acetabular alignment
  • Alignment
  • Pelvic tilt
  • Total hip arthroplasty

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