Pelvic injury survival analysis for a finite element human body model using multiple data sets

Caitlin M. Weaver, Anna N. Miller, Joel D. Stitzel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Finite element (FE) computational human body models (HBMs) have gained popularity over the past several decades as human surrogates for use in blunt injury research. FE HBMs are critical for the analysis of local injury mechanisms. These metrics are challenging to measure experimentally and demonstrate an important advantage of HBMs. The objective of this study is to evaluate the injury risk predictive power of localized metrics to predict the risk of pelvic fracture in a FE HBM. The Global Human Body Models Consortium (GHBMC) 50th percentile detailed male model (v4.3) was used for this study. Crosssectional and cortical bone surface instrumentation was implemented in the GHBMC pelvis. Lateral impact FE simulations were performed using input data from tests performed on post mortem human subjects (PMHS). Predictive power of the FE force and strain outputs on localized fracture risk was evaluated using the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The ROC curve analysis showed moderate predictive power for the superior pubic ramus and sacrum. Additionally, cross-sectional force was compared to a range of percentile outputs of maximum principal, minimum principal, and effective cortical element strains. From this analysis it was determined that cross-sectional force was the best predictor of localized pelvic fracture.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791852026
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
EventASME 2018 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2018 - Pittsburgh, United States
Duration: Nov 9 2018Nov 15 2018

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE)
Volume3

Conference

ConferenceASME 2018 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2018
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh
Period11/9/1811/15/18

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  • Cite this

    Weaver, C. M., Miller, A. N., & Stitzel, J. D. (2018). Pelvic injury survival analysis for a finite element human body model using multiple data sets. In Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE); Vol. 3). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE201888447