Objective: To assess the prognostic value of different variables on the outcome of pediatric type I tympanoplasty, Design: Retrospective review of medical records. Setting: An otolaryngology department in a large urban tertiary care medical center. Patients: We reviewed 72 ears in 60 patients who had undergone a type I tympanoplasty from 1987 to 2000. Patient ages ranged from 3 to 18 years. Interventions: Type I tympanoplasty. Main Outcome Measures: We identified the following 3 criteria for success: (1) healing of the neotympanic graft; (2) healing of the graft with a postoperative air-bone gap of no greater than 20 dB; and (3) healing of the graft with aeration of the middle ear space. Results: Healing occurred in 59 (82%) of the 72 neotympanic grafts; 39 (83%) of the 47 healed ears for which a postoperative audiogram was available had an air-bone gap of no greater than 20 dB; and 49 (83%) of the 59 healed ears had a normally aerated middle ear space. A statistically significant difference in the rate of graft healing was identified for large perforations (76%), as well as for creation of an aerated middle ear space, when there was evidence of ongoing contralateral eustachian tube dysfunction (ie, otitis media with effusion or negative middle ear pressure, but not a perforation). Conclusions: Pediatric type I tympanoplasty can offer reasonably good chances for postoperative graft healing, serviceable hearing, and creation of an air-containing middle ear space if performed in carefully selected patients. Caution should be exercised in performing tympanoplasty in children with evidence of ongoing eustachian tube dysfunction, as evidenced by otitis media with effusion and negative middle ear pressure, but not perforations, in the contralateral ear.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2003|