Pediatric trauma: Current concepts and treatments

Dennis W. Vane, Martin S. Keller, Kennith H. Sartorelli, Alex P. Miceli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Injured children represent a complex management problem for the trauma surgeon. Physiologic and psychological factors have been shown to influence outcome; however, more importantly, injury patterns and treatment algorithms differ from those recommended for adults. Children often do well after major injuries, but surgeons must use appropriate treatment to maximize the physiologic responses and the innate healing abilities of the growing child. Historically, surgeons have defined childhood as prepubertal, but a child's physiologic response to injury extends well into the third decade of life, making treatment of a 20-year-old similar to that of a 10-year-old, rather than that of a 40-year-old. The distribution of pediatric trauma facilities across the country has limited the access of the injured child to these centers. Adult centers more often serve as the first and definitive treatment provider for children. This article reviews the current concepts of trauma treatments for children. It is hoped that the adult trauma surgeons caring for injured children might gain information that will be of assistance in their daily practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-249
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Intensive Care Medicine
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2002

Keywords

  • Contemporary treatment
  • Pediatric injury

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