Purpose: To determine practice patterns of pediatric ophthalmologists with respect to types of medical conditions cared for and age of patients treated due to limited data regarding pediatric ophthalmologists’ scope of practice. Methods: A survey was sent to 1408 international and United States members of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS) membership through the group’s internet listserv. Responses were collated and analyzed. Results: Ninety members (6.4%) responded. 89% of respondents confine their practices to pediatric ophthalmology and adult strabismus. The percentages of respondents who provide primary surgical and medical treatment of the following conditions include 68% for ptosis and anterior orbital lesions, 49% for cataracts, 38% for uveitis, 25% for retinopathy of prematurity, 19% for glaucoma, and 7% for retinoblastoma. For conditions other than strabismus, 59% restrict their practice to patients less than 21 years of age. Conclusion: Pediatric ophthalmologists provide primary medical and surgical care for children with a wide variety of ocular conditions, including complex disorders. Awareness of this variety of practice might prove beneficial in encouraging residents to consider careers in pediatric ophthalmology. Consequently, fellowship education in pediatric ophthalmology should include exposure to these areas.
- Pediatric ophthalmology
- scope of practice