The practice of pediatric ophthalmology deals with a diversity of diseases, from strabismus and amblyopia to management of congenital cataracts and retinopathy of prematurity. The field is fortunate to have the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group (PEDIG), which is a network of both academic and private ophthalmologists across the country recruiting for its studies. It has extensively studied the treatment of amblyopia (ATS studies from 1-15), many of which are reviewed in this chapter. Included are also studies on congenital esotropia and nasolacrimal duct obstruction. One of the more complex pediatric ocular diseases to treat is a congenital cataract. With increasing use of intraocular lens implants, the IATS study has provided statistics on their use in infants and helped guide the physician's decision with the family. Finally, retinopathy of prematurity's (ROP) treatment has evolved greatly since the 1980s thanks to the CRYOROP and ETROP studies. Due to these, there are now specific guidelines to treating this potentially blinding disease.
|Title of host publication||The Ophthalmology Clinical Trials Handbook|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||79|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2015|