Patterns of Clinical Use of Stereotactic Laser Ablation: Analysis of a Multicenter Prospective Registry

Robert C. Rennert, Usman Khan, Stephen B. Tatter, Melvin Field, Brian Toyota, Peter E. Fecci, Kevin Judy, Alireza M. Mohammadi, Patrick Landazuri, Andrew Sloan, Eric Leuthardt, Clark C. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Stereotactic laser ablation (SLA), also termed laser interstitial thermal therapy, is a minimally invasive procedure that is increasingly used in neurosurgery. We wished to examine how and whether SLA is changing the landscape of treatment options for neurosurgical patients. Methods: Patients undergoing stereotactic laser ablation were prospectively enrolled in the Laser Ablation of Abnormal Neurological Tissue (LAANTERN) registry. Data from the first 100 enrolled patients are presented here. Results: Clinical indications for SLA include treatment of primary intracranial tumors (48%; 81% being high-grade gliomas [HGGs]), brain metastases (BMs, 34%), epilepsy (16%), and other (2%). For HGGs, SLA was equally likely used for newly diagnosed (45%) or previously treated/recurrent lesions (55%, P = 0.54). By contrast, SLA was predominantly used as treatment for BMs in which radiation therapy/radiosurgery had failed (91%), with only 9% of SLAs performed as initial treatment for newly diagnosed lesions (P < 0.001). Of all SLAs performed, 45% of the procedures were in lieu of surgical resection, with 43% performed because the lesion was not accessible by conventional neurosurgical techniques. Conclusion: HGGs and BMs are the leading indications for SLA in the LAANTERN study. For HGGs, SLA is equally used in the presenting or previously treated/recurrent setting. For BMs, SLA is typically used in the recurrent setting. SLAs are equally likely to be performed for difficult-to-access lesions or in lieu of conventional open surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e566-e570
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume116
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • Glioma
  • Metastasis
  • Neuro-oncology
  • Stereotactic laser ablation

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    Rennert, R. C., Khan, U., Tatter, S. B., Field, M., Toyota, B., Fecci, P. E., Judy, K., Mohammadi, A. M., Landazuri, P., Sloan, A., Leuthardt, E., & Chen, C. C. (2018). Patterns of Clinical Use of Stereotactic Laser Ablation: Analysis of a Multicenter Prospective Registry. World neurosurgery, 116, e566-e570. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.039