Patterns and predictors of enactment of state childhood obesity legislation in the united states: 2006-2009

Amy A. Eyler, Leah Nguyen, Jooyoung Kong, Yan Yan, Ross Brownson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: We developed a content review for state policies related to childhood obesity, and we have quantitatively described the predictors of enactment. Methods: We collected an inventory of 2006 through 2009 state legislation on 27 childhood obesity topics from legislative databases. We coded each bill for general information, topic content, and other appropriate components. We conducted a general descriptive analysis and 3 multilevel analyses using billand state-level characteristics to predict bill enactment. Results: Common topics in the 27% of the bills that were enacted were community physical activity access, physical education, and school food policy. Committee and bipartisan sponsorship and having term limits significantly predicted enactment in at least 1 model. Bills with safe routes to school or health and nutrition content were twice as likely to be enacted. Bills containing product and menu labeling or soda and snack taxes were significantly less likely to be enacted. Conclusions: Bipartisan and committee support and term limits are important in bill enactment. Advocacy efforts can be tailored to increase awareness and sense of priority among policymakers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2294-2302
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume102
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

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