Patient-reported treatment response in chronic graft-versus-host disease

Annie Im, Iskra Pusic, Lynn Onstad, Carrie L. Kitko, Betty K. Hamilton, Amin M. Alousi, Mary E. Flowers, Stefanie Sarantopoulos, Paul Carpenter, Jennifer White, Sally Arai, Najla El Jurdi, George Chen, Corey Cutler, Stephanie Lee, Joseph Pidala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) treatment response is assessed using National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Criteria in clinical trials, and by clinician assessment in routine practice. Patient-reported treatment response is central to the experience of chronic GvHD manifestations as well as treatment benefit and toxicity, but how they correlate with clinician- or NIH-responses has not been well-studied. We aimed to characterize 6-month patient-reported response, determine associated chronic GvHD baseline organ features and changes, and evaluate which patient-reported quality of life and chronic GvHD symptom burden measures correlated with patient-reported response. From two nationally representative Chronic GVHD Consortium prospective observational studies, 382 subjects were included in this analysis. Patient and clinician responses were categorized as improved (completely gone, very much better, moderately better, a little better) versus not improved (about the same, a little worse, moderately worse, very much worse). At six months, 270 (71%) patients perceived chronic GvHD improvement, while 112 (29%) perceived no improvement. Patient-reported response had limited correlation with either clinician-reported (kappa 0.37) or NIH chronic GvHD response criteria (kappa 0.18). Notably, patient-reported response at six months was significantly associated with subsequent failure-free survival. In multivariate analysis, NIH responses in eye, mouth, and lung had significant association with 6-month patient-reported response, as well as a change in Short Form 36 general health and role physical domains and Lee Symptom Score skin and eye changes. Based on these findings, patient-reported responses should be considered as an important complementary endpoint in chronic GvHD clinical trials and drug development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalHaematologica
Volume109
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

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