Patient-reported outcomes are questionnaires designed to measure health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This is important to measure in SLE because the burden of symptoms that patients experience is often not reflected in measures of disease activity, leading to a discordance in the way patients versus clinicians perceive disease state. As a result, questionnaires that are specific to the experience of patients with SLE have been developed in addition to generic PROs. Utilizing PROs encourages clinical conversations, engaging patients as stakeholders in their own care. Working toward this patient empowerment, PROs can be integrated into clinics with minor adjustments to work flow; electronic administration and the utilization of spydergrams increases efficiency and interpretability. Because PROs measure aspects of HRQoL that often cannot be addressed by medication alone, building toward integrated care and connecting patients to interdisciplinary resources will be key in maximizing the benefit of PROs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOutcome Measures and Metrics in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783030733032
ISBN (Print)9783030733025
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021


  • Health-related quality of life (HRQoL)
  • Integrated care
  • Patient-reported outcomes (PROs)
  • Spydergrams
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)


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