Talkowski JB, Lenze EJ, Munin MC, Harrison C, Brach JS. Patient participation and physical activity during rehabilitation and future functional outcomes in patients after hip fracture. Objective: To examine the association between physical activity recorded by actigraphy during therapy sessions (therapy) with therapist-rated patient participation and self-reported future functional outcomes. We hypothesized those participants who were more active during rehabilitation would have higher participation scores and better functional outcomes after hip fracture compared with those who were less active. Design: Longitudinal study with a 3- and 6-month follow-up. Setting: Participants were recruited from skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) and inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs). Participants: Participants included 18 community-dwelling older adults admitted to SNFs or IRFs facilities after hip fracture. Participants were included if they were 60 years of age or older and ambulatory with or without assistance from a device or another person. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Physical activity was quantified during participants' rehabiliation by using the actigraph accelerometer worn consecutively over 5 days. The Pittsburgh Participation Rating Scale was used to quantify patient participation during their inpatient therapy sessions. Self-reported functional outcomes were measured by the Hip Fracture Functional Recovery Scale at baseline and 3 and 6 months after fracture. Results: Participants with higher actigraphy counts during rehabilitation were ranked by their therapists as having excellent participation compared with those who were less active. Participants who were more active reported better functional abilities at both the 3- and 6-month time points and achieved 78% and 91% recovery of self-reported prefracture function compared with those who were less active achieving 64% and 73% recovery. Conclusions: Actigraphy provides an objective measure of physical activity exhibiting predictive validity for future functional outcomes and concurrent validity against patient participation in patients after hip fracture.
- Hip fractures
- Patient participation