Patient discomfort in relation to thyroid nodule fine-needle aspiration (FNA) performed with or without parenteral and/or topical anesthetic

Chenxiang Cao, Sina Jasim, Amrita Cherian, Aziza Nassar, Ana Maria Chindris, Ana Marcella Rivas, Stephanie Bonnett, Melanie Caserta, Marius N. Stan, Victor J. Bernet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: There is much reported variation in the impact of local anesthesia on thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) related discomfort. We compare patients undergoing thyroid FNA with subcutaneous injection or topical anesthetic to no anesthetic. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 585 sequential ultrasound guided thyroid FNA procedures in Mayo Clinic. Group 1 (n = 200), no anesthetic; Group 2 (n = 185), subcutaneous injection anesthetic; and Group 3 (n = 200), topical anesthetic. Patient demographics, number of FNA passes, needle gauge, and cytopathology were recorded plus a discomfort score (0 to 10) before and immediately post procedure in all 3 groups and peak discomfort during the FNA in Groups 1 and 2. Results: There were no differences among the 3 groups in age, sex, FNA sufficiency rate, cytopathology, and FNA passes number. There was no significant difference between Groups 1 and 2 in peak discomfort score during the FNA: 0 (45%, 42.2%), 1 to 2 (19%, 24.9%), 3 to 5 (23.5%, 20.5%), 6 to 8 (9.5%, 10.8%), 9 to 10 (3%, 1.6%), respectively. Discomfort score post procedure: 0 (78.5%, 77.8%, 53.5%), 1 to 2 (13%, 13%, 36.5%), 3 to 5 (7%, 7%, 9%), 6 to 8 (1.5%, 2.2%, 1%), 9 to 10 (0%, 0%, 0%) for groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. There were no significant differences among the 3 groups for a discomfort score ≥3. Conclusion: FNA associated patient discomfort was comparable during and after the procedure regardless of the use of anesthetic or the type utilized. Approximately 90% of patients experienced mild to moderate discomfort during the procedure. And 90% reported no more than a level 2 discomfort post procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1497-1504
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrine Practice
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

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